Purpose: To work on various situations that occur in a basketball game and how to properly defend them. To improve and develop communication skills. Also works on offensive movements and fundamentals that will improve team play.
Drill: The ‘Shell Situations Drill’ is a more advanced version of the basic shell drill; this drill is intended to help defend against all the various offensive movements.
If numbers allow, divide into three groups of four players. Two of the teams set up 4 vs. 4 in the half court, one offensive player with the basketball in the center circle. The third team aligns out of bounds, ready to come in quickly.
One coach should set up on the perimeter to call the situation to work on. A second coach sets up under the basket — both coaches correct mistakes and provide encouragement.
The player at the top waits for the coach’s call and then passes to a teammate to begin the 4 on 4 scrimmage. Whenever a team scores or recovers a defensive rebound, it immediately passes or dribbles the ball to the center circle. If the offense scores a basket, they get the ball to the center circle to play against the next foursome. If the defense gets a steal, rebound, or turnover, they immediately get the ball to the center circle. The ‘losing’ team leaves the floor and the waiting team hustles on quickly.
They pick up a player as quickly as they can and the offensive team goes right to work on them. By this time, the perimeter coach has called a new offensive situation; to which the defense must instantly adjust.
A lot of communication is constantly going on. The coach keeps calling out the offensive movements and guiding the defense to where they are supposed to cover.
The coach on the perimeter is equipped with 15 calls which can change from game to game, depending on what is expected from the upcoming opponent.
Following are the 15 basic calls the coach can choose from:
The 15 Basic Offensive Calls:
- Pass and Cut: The offensive player passes the ball to a teammate and tries to cut in front of the defender. The defender must jump at the ball and try to make the offensive player go behind him on his cut to the basket.
- Drive and Kick: The offensive player tries to penetrate with the basketball and then pass (kick) the ball back out to the perimeter. The defense must be able to help on the drive and recover to the perimeter.
- Pass and Screen Away: The offensive player passes the basketball and then screens away from the direction he passed to.
- No Dribble: The offensive players cannot dribble unless going in for a layup.
- Four Passes: The offensive players must make four passes before they take a shot, unless they have a layup.
- Two Dribbles: The offensive player can take only two dribbles (or none, if they choose).
- All Back Screens: The offense can set only backscreens. The defense must fight through or switch, depending upon team philosophy.
- Nothing But a Layup: The offense must work the ball, but cannot shoot anything but layups.
- Only Post Moves: The offense can score only via a post move.
- Only a Three-Point Shot: The offense can score only via a three-point shot.
- Screen on the Ball: The offense must set screens on the ball; the defenders must react by jumping out highside, fighting through, or going behind.
- No Screening: Everyone on offense has to get open by cutting. No screening is allowed. The defenders must deny the passes.
- Staggered Doubles: The offense sets staggered double-screens and the defense has to adjust by fighting through them or switching.
- Pick and Roll: The offense has to set up its’ scores by utilizing the pick and roll.
- Flare Screens Only: The offense must set up a screen and then flare back for the open jump shot. This gives the opportunity to shoot a lot of three-pointers and to play a lot of defense against such screens.
This team defensive drill can be very exhausting and should not be run for more than 10 minutes. The three groups should hustle on and off the floor as fast as they can. Whenever a team stays on offense for a number of times in a row, it provides a lot of incentive for the other teams to “stop them” on defense.
This drill is also very beneficial for the offensive teams because they will be working on backdoor cuts, ballscreens, cutting, playing without dribbling, etc… Great development on offensive teamwork.