The 1-3-1 Control Game Offense is a continuity offense with a baseline roamer. This offense works equally well against man-to-man or zone defenses.
A control game is much like a delay game in that you are attempting to control the tempo of the game. You can certainly achieve this tempo in a motion- or passing-style offense but, depending upon your team and personnel, you may prefer to do this via a continuity offense.
To begin the 1-3-1 Control Game Offense, the players align themselves as shown below. O1 has the basketball at the top, O2 and O3 are on the wings, O4 is at the free throw line, and O5 starts in the area of either low block.
As O1 brings the ball up the court, he will pass to the wing on the side opposite of the low man. In this diagram, O1 passes to O3 because O5 is opposite.
After passing to O3, O1 cuts ballside off the high post player, O4, and looks for a return pass from O3.
If O1 does not receive a pass, he continues and becomes a natural screen for O5. O5 runs his defender into O1’s screen and comes across to the opposite block or short corner to receive a pass from O3 for an easy shot. If O5 is not open, he continues to the corner to receive a pass from O3.
On the weakside, O2 moves to the top position.
After passing to O5 in the corner, O3 cuts toward the basket looking for a pass and layup opportunity.
O4 moves to the side/wing position and replaces O3.
If O3 is not open, he will then cut up to the high post area.
O1 should also be popping out to the weakside wing.
O2, now at the top, will make his cut off of O3 (now at the free throw area).
If he isn’t open to receive the pass from O5, he cuts back out to the weakside.
O1 replaces O2 at the top.
If O2 did not receive a pass in the previous sequence from O5, the ball is reversed by way of O4 to O1 to O2 and the same play is run on the other side of the court.
If the defense denies the reversal, the player at the top of the key, O1, should screen away for the player at the wing, O2.
When facing a zone defense, a special zone option may be run along with or instead of the basic continuity.
When O3 passes the basketball to O5 in the corner, he will cut all the way through to the opposite side and the ball is quickly reversed to him.
As O3 cuts, O4 replaces from the high post while O2 cuts from the wing to the high post.
If a good shot does not result from this reversal, the players are now in position to run either the basic play or the zone play.
- The control or delaying tactic of making many passes and taking only layups is possible by both the placement of personnel and the movements involved.
- The 1-3-1 alignment with the baseline roamer utilizes the entire offensive half court. The movements involved consist mainly of screens away from the ball that, if succesful, result in layups and, if not, do not crowd the man with the ball and cause doubleteam situations.