The 1-3-1 Rotational Zone Offense is designed to keep the offensive players moving. Teams will often do a good job of moving the ball against a zone defense, but they do a poor job of moving players. If you have ever seen your team stand around against a zone, this offense may be just what you need.
This 1-3-1 offensive set with the rotational pattern will keep players moving to open up passing lanes and to overload the zone areas.
The players can be placed in this offense as shown in the diagram (of course, you can adjust to fit your personnel):
- The side players should be good outside shooters.
- The best scoring threat and passer takes the middle.
- A post player does not have to play the post if he is a good outside shooter.
- Fill the ballside corner. It helps to overload the zone and you will often get good shots from the corner.
- When the ball is at the free throw line or top of key area, the bottom player should slide to the low post. When the ball moves to the side, the bottom player should break out to the corner.
The following diagrams explain possible movements and passes that can be made within the 1-3-1 Rotational Zone Offense. It is certainly possible to add more options but the key is to cut and replace. You will also want to be sure to work both the left and right sides of the court.
O1 passes to O2. O2 passes to O5 and then cuts through to the opposite wing. O3 takes O2’s place and O4 takes O3’s place. O5 has a shot from the corner. O1 remains at the top.
O1 passes to O2. O2 passes to O5, then cuts and hooks back to the low post. O2 takes the pass from O5 for a shot from the low block. If O2 doesn’t get the ball from O5, O2 will then continue out to the weakside and take O4’s place on the wing.
O1 passes to O2. O2 passes to O5 in the corner. O5 passes to O4 for a shot at the free throw line. O3 takes O2’s place and O2 takes O1’s place on the weakside.
O1 passes to O2. O2 passes to O5, then cuts. O3 takes O2’s place. O4 moves to the free throw area and receives a pass from O5. O1 passes to O2 for a shot.
O1 passes to O3 to start. O3 passes to O5 in the corner. O2 then cuts through. O3 takes O2’s place and receives a pass from O5 for a shot. O4 takes O3’s place in the middle.
O1 passes to O2. O2 passes to O3 in the middle, then cuts. O3 passes to O5, who shoots. O3 and O4 fill respective positions.
O1 passes to O3 in the middle. O3 passes to O2 on the wing. O2 passes to O5 then cuts through. O5 shoots, if open. O3 and O4 fill positions.
O1 passes to O3 in the middle. O2 cuts off O3, takes the pass, and dribbles in for a shot. O2 may also be able to dump a pass off to O5.
Because O2 is making a different cut, this option may need an actual call or even a simple eye contact to run it.